The Newton’s cradle is a device that demonstrates the conservation of momentum and the conservation of energy with swinging spheres. The device is named after 17th-century English scientist Sir Isaac Newton and designed by French scientist Edme Mariotte. It is also known as Newton’s pendulum, Newton’s balls, Newton’s rocker or executive ball clicker
When one sphere at the end is lifted and released, it strikes the stationary spheres, transmitting a force through the stationary spheres that pushes the last sphere upward. The last sphere swings back and strikes the nearly stationary spheres, repeating the effect in the opposite direction.